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General Information

 

Palestine lies on the south west of Asia on the southern part of the Mediterranean Sea, Eastern Coast. Thus, it lies in the heart of the so called ancient world, namely, Asia, Africa and Europe, which makes it a land bridge linking Asia with Africa and the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea and the Atlantic Ocean with the Indian Ocean.

 

Area
Palestine lies on the western edge of the Asian continent and the eastern extremity of the Mediterranean Sea.  The geographic location has historically given Palestine religious, cultural and economic importance as it joins the three continents of the ancient world. This is a land at the crossroads of history and the heart of a global network of land, air and sea routes.

 

Palestinian Territories: 6,020 Km2

West Bank 5,655 Km2; 130 Km long and 40-65 Km in width

Gaza 365 Km2; 45 Km long and 5-12 Km in width

  

Population
Today’s Palestinians are direct descendants of the Arab people and share their culture, language and history.

Recent history has been far from generous with the Palestinian people. Due to imperialism and the continued colonization that the Palestinians have had to endure in the past 50 years, the majority of the Palestinian people live in the Diaspora. Today’s Palestinians are direct descendants of the Arab people and share their culture, language and history. Recent history has been far from generous with the Palestinian people. Due to imperialism and the continued colonization that the Palestinians have had to endure in the past 50 years, the majority of the Palestinian people live in the Diaspora.


West Bank

 

Population: 2,461,267 (July 2009 est.)
 

Age Structure:
0-14 years: 37.3%(2009 est.)

15-64 years: 59.1% (2009 est.)

65 years and over: 3.7% (2009 est.) 

Population Growth Rate: 2.178% (2009 est.)

Gaza Strip

Population: 1,551,859 (July 2009 est.)

 

Age Structure:

0-14 years: 44.4% (2009 est.)
15-64 years: 53%  (2009 est.)
65 years and over: 2.6%  (2009 est.)
 

Population Growth Rate: 3.349% (2009 est.)

(Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ )


 

Government System
The Palestinian National Authority (PNA) was established on the basis of the Declaration of Principles signed between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and Israel on Sept. 13, 1993 and governs Palestinian affairs in self-rule areas. It consists of the elected President (Mahmoud Abbas), the appointed cabinet (Ministerial Board) and the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC). www.pna.gov.ps
 

Capital and Principal Main Cities 
The City of Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine. Principal main cities include: Gaza, Ramallah, Nablus, Hebron, Jenin, Rafah, Khan Younis, Tulkarem, Qalqilia. Bethlehem and Jericho.

 

Languages
Arabic is the official language of the Palestinian Territories. However, Palestinians are multilingual people, with English being widely spoken and used in business. Several other languages such as Hebrew, French, German, Italian and Spanish are also widely spoken.

 

Religion
Palestine is the Holy Land for three monotheistic religions: Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. Bethlehem and Palestinians celebrated the year 2000 commemorating the occasion of the birth of Jesus Christ. Palestine is also the place where Prophet Mohammed ascended to heaven. Islam has dominated the culture of Palestine for the past 1400 years. The city of Bethlehem has long been a destination for Christian pilgrims from all points of the globe, whereas Jerusalem is still the world’s biggest religious attraction for Moslem, Christian and Jewish pilgrims.


Currency

The Palestinian National Authority has no national currency. Palestinian banks accept deposits and withdrawals of foreign currencies. Major currencies that are used in Palestine include the Jordanian Dinar and the Israeli Shekel. Moreover, the US Dollar is quickly becoming the most popular currency for both deposits and credits in the Banks.


Climate

Mediterranean – hot, dry summers and short, wet, cool winters. Mountainous areas usually have cool summer nights. Because of regional differences, temperature and rainfall vary depending on the topographic area. Areas include the coastal plain, Jordan valley, eastern slopes, central highlands, and semi-coastal zone. Rain usually falls in the period between November and March with occasional snowstorms in the mountainous areas.

 

Education (2005/2006)

 

Illiteracy rate for persons 15 years and over (1st quarter 2006)

 

6.7%

Illiteracy rate for persons 15-29 years (1st quarter 2006)

 

0.8%

No. of schools

 

2,277

No. of school teachers

 

40,957

No. of school students

 

1,067,489

Students per class

 

34.4

Drop-out rate (schools 2004/2005)

 

1.0%

Repetition rate (schools 2004/2005)

 

1.5%

Health (2003-2005)

 

 

 

 

 

No. of hospitals (2005)***

 

76

Doctors per 1000 population (2005) ***

 

1.6

Nurses per 1000 population (2005)

 

1.9

Beds per 1000 population (2005) ***

 

1.3

Culture (2005)

 

 

 

 

 

No. of mosques (in operation)

 

1,900

No. of churchs

 

149

No. of newspapers (in operation)

 

12

No. of museums (in operation)

 

5

No. of cultural centers (in operation)

 

86

Living Standards and Humanitarian Aid (2005)

 

 

 

 

 

Percentage of Households below poverty line

 

51.5%

Number of Individuals below the poverty line

 

2,095,437

Percentage of households that lost more than half of their income during Al-Aqsa Intifada

 

51.6%

Percentage of households that indicated their need for assistance

 

67.0%

Average Monthly per capita Expenditere in the Palestinian Territory

 

89.5

Labour Force (1st quarter of 2006) - Males

 

 

 

 

 

Labour Force participation rate

 

68.3%

Unemployment rate in PT

 

24.2%

Unemployment rate in West Bank

 

18.5%

Unemployment rate in Gaza Strip

 

36.3%

Average net daily wage of employees working in the PT (US$)

 

17.1

Percentage of working children (5-17 years) 2004

 

5.3%

Percentage of high school and university graduates, including vocational schools, aged 15 years and over (end 2005)

 

14.5%

Percentage of high school and university graduates, including vocational schools, who participate in the labour force (end 2005)

 

83.4%

Unemployment rate among high school and university graduates, including vocational schools (end 2005)

 

25.4%

Labour Force (1st quarter of 2006) - Females

 

 

 

 

 

Labour Force participation rate

 

13.9%

Unemployment rate in PT

 

24.5%

Unemployment rate in West Bank

 

21.6%

Unemployment rate in Gaza Strip

 

36.5%

Average net daily wage of employees working in the PT (US$)

 

16.3

Percentage of working children (5-17 years) 2004

 

0.7%

Economics

 

 

 

 

 

GDP (2005) in million of US$ at constant prices (RWB and GS)***

 

4,456.4

GDP per capita (2005) in US$ at constant prices (RWB and GS)***

 

1,268.2

CPI and percent change in Palestenian Terrotiry in November 2006 Compare with October 2006

 

153.32 0.79%

Number of establishments in operation in the private sector by economic activity (2005)***

 

 

Mining and Quarrying

 

259

Manufacturing

 

13,085

Electricity and Water supply

 

508

Construction

 

644

Commerce

 

55,024

Transportation, storage and communication

 

869

Hotels and Restaurants

 

4,195

Financial Intermediation

 

726

Real Estate, Rental and Business Activities

 

3,889

Education

 

1,949

Health and Social work

 

3,672

Other Community, Social and Personal Services

 

6,394

Imports (2004**million US$) *

 

2,373.2

Exports (2004**million US$) *

 

312.7

GDP per capita for the third Quarter 2006 in US$ at constant price (RWB & GS)

 

269.1

Quaterly GDP at constant price in million of US$ (RWB & GS) for the 3rd Quarter 2006

 

982,3

Hotels (3rd Quarter, ‏2006‏‏)

 

 

 

 

 

Room occupancy rate

 

13.9%

Bed occupancy rate

 

11.0%

Environment

 

 

 

 

 

Available quantities of water (2005** in mcm)

 

315.2

Households connected to the wastewater network (2006)

 

45.3%

Housing Conditions (2005)

 

 

 

 

 

Average number of rooms in housing units

 

3.6

Average number of persons per room (housing density)***

 

1.8

 

 

 

Abbreviations

 

 

RWB and GS = Remaining West Bank and Gaza Strip

 

 

* RWB and GS at constant prices: 1997 is the base year: revised version

 

 

** Primary data

 

 

*** Revised figures

 

 

 

 

 

Courtesy of:

 

 

Prepared by the Palestinian Central Bu reau of Sta tis tics

 

 

Tel: 02-240 6340, Fax: 02-240 6343

 

 

Email: diwan@pcbs.gov.ps

 

 

URL: www.pcbs.gov.ps

 

 

 
Business
1. Palestine Trade Center (PALTRADE)
     http://www.paltrade.org
2. Investment Guide to Palestine
     http://www.pipa.gov.ps
3. Palestinian Investment and Development Corporation
     http://www.padico.com
4. Palestinian Economic Council For Development
     http://www.pecdar.org
5. Palestine Investment Conference
     http://www.pic-palestine.ps
6. Palestinian Investment Promotion Agency
     http://www.pipa.gov.ps
7. Ministry of National Economy
     http://www.met.gov.ps
8. The Palestine Economic Policy Research Institute (MAS)
     http://www.pal-econ.org
9. Exchange Rate
     http://www.finance.yahoo.com/currency-converter/
10. Exchange Rate
     http://www.easy-forex.com/
11. Palestine Telecommunication Company
     http://www.paltel.ps
12. APIC
     http://www.apic.ps
13. Palestine Automobile Company Ltd. - Hyundai
     http://www.palestine.hyundai-motor.com
14. Medical Supplies and Services (MSS)
     http://www.msspal.com
15. National Aluminum and Profile Company - NAPCO
     http://www.napco.ps
16. Siniora Food Industries Company
     http://www.siniorafood.com
17. Sky Advertising
     http://www.skyad.com
18. Wataniya Mobile
     http://www.wataniya.ps
19. Jawwal
     http://www.jawwal.ps
20. Birzeit University
     http://www.birzeit.edu
21. Najah University 
     http://www.najah.edu
Info
1. Al Ayam News Paper
     http://www.al-ayyam.com
2. Al Quds News Paper
     http://www.alquds.com
3. Alhayat Al Jadida News Paper
     http://www.alhayat-j.com
4. Maan Media
     http://www.maannews.net
5. Al-Buraq
     http://www.alburaq.net
6. Applied Research Institute
     http://www.arij.org
7. Bethlehem University
     http://www.bethlehem.edu
8. Hotels of Palestine
     http://www.palestinehotels.com
9. Visit Palestine
     http://www.visit-palestine.com
10. Palestinian Academic Society
     http://www.passia.org
11. USAID
     http://www.usaid-wbg.org
12. American Near East Refugees Aid - ANERA
     http://www.anera.org
13. UN Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People
     http://www.papp.undp.org
14. Hotels of Palestine
     http://www.palestinehotels.com
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